The origin of Brederode Castle
The House Brederode was a noble family, who descended from the Lords Of Teylingen, who would again descend from the Counts of Holland, although there are doubts about that last fact. Dirk van Teylingen (also called Dirk I van Brederode or Dirk Drossaat), a younger brother of William van Teylingen, is seen by historians as the founder of the House of Brederode, although this is not entirely certain. In 1226 he was appointed as a landdrost at the court of the Count of Holland and, in the absence of the Count, had the Count’s authority by proxy.
The Counts of Holland continually fought against the surrounding regions. Count William II was killed in a battle with the West-Frisians. His son Floris V took revenge, defeated the West-Frisians and built a number of strong castles to prevent further uprising.
One of these castles, Brederode, was built at the end of the 13th century by Dirk van Brederodes son William (2nd Lord) and his wife Hillegonda van Voorne. The castle was situated in a strategic spot on an offshoot of a beach wall and surrounded by water, swamps and peatland, close to the Huis te Aelbertsberg. This hunting farm of their loan lord Count Floris V, was probably located at the present-day Caprera near Bloemendaal. William was, as well as many of his male offspring, bailiff (a senior civil servant) of Kennemerland.
His granddaughter Catherine married John I of Polanen and became an ancestress of the House of Orange, the present Dutch royal family. One of the titles of the Dutch monarch, King Willem-Alexander, is Lord of Polanen.